Cryptocurrencies are a type of digital or virtual currency supported by cryptographic technologies. Without the aid of outside intermediaries, it would be impossible to make safe online payments. The term “crypto” refers to the various cryptographic techniques used to secure these entries, including hashing, public-private key pairs, and elliptical curve encryption.

Cryptocurrencies can be mined or purchased on exchanges. Cryptocurrency transactions are not supported by all e-commerce platforms. In fact, even well-known cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin are rarely used for retail transactions. However, the cryptocurrency market’s exponential expansion in value has enhanced the acceptance of cryptocurrencies as trading commodities. They are used for cross-border transactions to a limited extent.

The most valued and well-known cryptocurrency is bitcoin. It was created and presented to the world in 2008 by Satoshi Nakamoto, a mysterious individual. Today’s market is home to thousands of cryptocurrencies.


Every cryptocurrency asserts to have a distinct purpose and specification.  For the underlying smart contract platform, Ethereum’s ether, for instance, postures itself as gas. Banks use Ripple’s XRP cryptocurrency to facilitate cross-border transactions.

The most well-known and covered cryptocurrency is still bitcoin, which the general public could access in 2009. Over 19 million bitcoins were in use as of May 2022, with a $576 billion market valuation overall, with only 21 billion in existence.

Cryptocurrencies: Are They Legal?

Fiat currencies receive their validity as mediums of exchange from governments or monetary agencies. For instance, every dollar bill was backed by the Federal Reserve.

Cryptocurrencies are not, however, backed by either a public or private organisation. It has been difficult to defend their legal position as a result in various financial jurisdictions all over the world. It doesn’t help that most of the current financial infrastructure hasn’t been used by cryptocurrencies to operate in the past. The legal status of cryptocurrencies has an impact on how they are used in normal transactions and trading. The Travel Rule, which requires AML compliance and defines criteria for organisations or vendors supplying cryptocurrency-based financial services, was proposed by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) in June 2019. Crypto derivatives like Bitcoin futures are sold on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, the biggest and most complicated financial exchange in the world. Bitcoin and Ethereum are not securities, according to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

What Purpose Does Cryptocurrency Serve?

Cryptocurrencies represent a brand-new approach to money. They propose speeding up and lowering the price of the present financial infrastructure. They enable parties to transactions to exchange value and money without the need for intermediaries like banks thanks to their architecture and technology, which decentralises established monetary systems.